ANIMAL TESTING
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STEP 1: Brief Introduction
INTRO

An estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the United States for scientific and commercial testing. Animals are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of medications, check the safety of products destined for human use, and other biomedical, commercial, and health care uses. Research on living animals has been practiced since at least 500 BC. 

Proponents of animal testing say that it has enabled the development of many life-saving treatments for both humans and animals, that there is no alternative method for researching a complete living organism, and that strict regulations prevent the mistreatment of animals in laboratories. 

Opponents of animal testing say that it is cruel and inhumane to experiment on animals, that alternative methods available to researchers can replace animal testing, and that animals are so different from human beings that research on animals often yields irrelevant results.


FIRST IMPRESSION:
PROS OPINION

Reasons For Animal Testing 

Medical Advancement: The most obvious advantage of animal testing is for medical experimentation. Advancements in medicine help people, animals, and even plants. Unfortunately, the best way to test potentially new medicines is through animal testing, and if initially successful, then by human testing too. It is considered more humane to do medical testing on animals first, then on humans first, for the obvious reason that human life is considered more precious than animals. Additionally, new medicines can also help animals too, so this falls under the philosophy of the needs of the many (animals) outweigh the needs of the few (animals). Meaning the few animals that are sacrificed or tested upon is worth less than the many animals that are potentially saved or helped, thus helping the greater good is more morale. Of course, this opinion is subjective to each person.

Product Safety: Another popular reason for animal testing is for determining the safety of products, such as cosmetics testing. In theory, animals used for safety testing are typically not killed and remain healthy, however they are often maltreated. Again, it is commonly considered that the safety of people outweighs the safety of animals, thus animal testing for safety is common.

Scientific Knowledge: Animal testing and experimentation is an excellent source to increase scientific knowledge. No one knows what knowledge that will be attained through animal testing, so the value of such animal testing cannot be ascertained ahead of time or even guessed. The most common examples of animal experimentation for scientific knowledge are animal biopsies and vivisections in schools to teach children biology and medical procedures. While this type of animal testing might not yield immediate useful results, it has been helpful in the long term of helping science.

Accuracy: Finally, the biggest reason for animal testing is because it works better than any other alternative. Why animal testing can yield results different than human testing, the similarities between animals and humans is staggering and thus helpful to mankind.

SECOND IMPRESSION:
CONS OPINION

Reasons Against Animal Testing 

Torture and Suffering: Animals undergoing testing can be subjected to torture and suffering. Alternatively in some cases, some animals may be even cured of their ailments and diseases during the process of animal testing.

Death: Animals can, and sometimes often, die in the process of animal testing.

Ethics/Morality: The ethics and morality of testing on animals is often debated. A large number of people do not believe animal testing is ethical, however they often concede that it is necessary.

Choice: Since animals cannot volunteer for animal testing, then some people believe animal testing is not ethical. These people believe that it is only ethical to test on subjects who willingly give their consent for self testing. 

Accuracy: As mentioned before, animals are different than people, thus their testing results are not always useful or practical for human comparisons. Therefore, if the usefulness of animal testing is in question, then animal testing should be reconsidered.

Price: Finally, the price of keeping and disposing of animals can be quite high. That is why testing, on computer simulations, has increased recently. However, the accuracy of computer simulations is less than animal testing.

THIRD IMPRESSION:
DISCUSSION
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Obuhova
9:57 AM
It’s terrible
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Obuhova
9:57 AM
I am very sorry for these animals
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Alexey
9:48 AM
I think it’s awful testing something on animals because they are live creatures and they don’t deserve that
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Ovchinnikova Vasilisa
4:51 PM
It’s a pity, that animals can died during the tests 🙊🐭🐹
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Ovchinnikova Vasilisa
4:51 PM
I don’t agree because though it is useful for science I’m sorry about animals 🦊🐭🐰🐼🐸
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Ovchinnikova Vasilisa
4:51 PM
I’m an opponent of animal testing. Because I think that it’s cruel to use animals for testing🐰🦊🐼🙊🐸
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Yana
12:04 PM
I feel sorry for then... as inexperienced rats
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Yana
12:04 PM
Medicine should address this ask because to experiment on animals is not acceptable...
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Yana
12:04 PM
The article is very interesting but i think it is sorely badly
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Kato G
4:49 PM
Stanislav, but how about companies that produce without testing on animals?
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Stanislav
3:18 PM
I know, that it's very bad and sad to use animals for science testing, but we can't use people or smth other, worth reconciling, for there is no choice.. :(
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Lil Vovchik
11:08 AM
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Matias Velazquez
1:46 PM
Yes. That is torture. So sad.
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Matias Velazquez
1:43 PM
There are a lot of animals in this situation. I can't believe that stadistic. We must do something.
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Kevser Gul
4:45 PM
omg!!! it's very bad.
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İrem Turhan
5:08 PM
It's very şad
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Chinasa  Keita
10:35 AM
Poor animals
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Mikolas A
10:56 AM
I like animals and it is bad when someone wants to torture them :(
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Zeynep Canpolat
6:52 PM
It's very şad to treat animals lıke that
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Reyyan Sümeyye Gülaçtı
5:57 AM
I disagree becauce animals are our friends
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Kassandra L
9:12 PM
It is very sad. Poor little animals.
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Kofi P
7:13 PM
Leave poor animals alone! If you want to test something, test it on yourself
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Vedhika R
6:22 PM
I am strictly against! I would not want them to test anything on my dog!
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Jean-Paul R
6:16 PM
maybe it is good for science, but not good for animals in laboratories!
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Anvi M
6:15 PM
I am against animal testing! I do not think that animals should suffer! They are not plastic toys!
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Yash P
5:52 PM
People shuld not use animals! They feel everything...just like us!
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Abeer J
5:30 PM
I am against animal testing! I love animals and want them to be free!
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Deysi K
5:17 PM
I love animals and i don't like animal testing! People need to stop it!
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Vichi R.
6:01 PM
Poor animals! This has to stop!